Khamis, April 17, 2008

Malaysians!! Know Our Constitution (part 2)

I will only stated few Articles from Federal Constitution as I wrote in my previous post with the title "Malaysians!! Now Our Constitution".

The following parts are taken from Malaysian Federal Constitution (but I will not take all part of the particular Article to be written here) ;

Article 3. Religion of Federation
(1) Islam is the religion of the Federation; but other religions may be practised in peace and harmony in any part of the Federation.

Article 4. Supreme law of the Federation
(1) This Constitution is the supreme law of the Federation and any law passed after Merdeka Day which is inconsistent with this Constitution shall, to the extent of the inconsistency, be void.

Fundamental Liberties

Article 5. Liberty of the person
(1) No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty save in accordance with law.

Article 6. Slavery and forced labour prohibited
(1) No person shall be held in slavery.
(2) All forms of forced labour are prohibited, but Parliament may by law provide for compulsary service for national purposes.

Article 7. Protection against retrospective criminal law and repeated trials
(1) No person shall be punished for an act or omission which was not punished by law when it was done or made, and ........
(2) A person who has been acquitted or convicted on an offence shall not be tried again for the same offence except ........

Article 8. Equality
(1) All person are equal before the law and entitled to the equal protection of the law.

Article 9. Prohibition of banishment and freedom of movement
(1) No citizen shall be banished or excluded from the Federation.

Article 10. Freedom of speech, assembly and association
(1) Subject to Clauses (2), (3) and (4)
(a) every citizen has the right to freedom of speech and expression
(b) all citizens have the right to assemble peaceably and without arms
(c) all citizens have the right to form associations

Article 11. Freedom of religion
(1) Every person has the right to profess and practise his religion and subject to Clause (4), to propagate it.

Article 12. Right in respect of education
(1) Without prejudice to the generality of Article 8, there shall be no discrimination against any citizen on the grounds only of religion, race, descent or place of birth -
(a) in the administration of any educational institution by a public authority, and, in particular, the admission of pupils or students or the payment of fees;
or
(b) in providing out of funds of a public authority financial aid for the maintenance or education of pupils or students....

Article 13. Rights to property
(1) No person shall be deprived of property save in accordance with law.

Article 153. Reservation of quotas in respect of services, permit, etc., for Malays and natives of any of the States of Sabah and Sarawak
(1) It shall be the responsibility of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong to safeguard the special position of the Malays and natives of any of the States of Sabah and Sarawak and the legitimate interests of other communities to accordance with the provisions of this Article.

---x---x---x---

Reminder: Above in only few Articles I choose to be written here, exactly taken from Malaysian Federal Constitution. However, those Articles are not written in full and I only wrote the first part of each Article. All Articles above must be read together with other Clauses in each Article.
Wording use in every Article usually interpreted by the Court when handling the case regarding Constitutional Law. So, to know and to understand the Constitution is very important especially the part of fundamental liberties because there are people who wrongly interpret those rights. So, it's better if Malaysians can get one copy of Malaysian Federal Constitution from any main bookstores and find it at Law's section.

2 ulasan:

forumer berkata...

Salaam. This is good, let Malaysian citizen know especially their rights. Peace and justice for all :)

Mr. Faizal berkata...

yeah, base on my rough observation, Malaysians still less aware about their right, even though there are Malaysians who are alert with those fundamental liberties, but they don't totally understand it.